The ozone forms there by the action of sunlight on oxygen. This action has been taking lace for many millions of years, but naturally occurring nitrogen compounds in the atmosphere apparently have kept the ozone concentration at a fairly stable level.
Therefore, scientists were concerned when they discovered, in the sass, that certain chemicals called chlorofluorocarbons, CIFS long used as refrigerants and in aerosol spray cans, posed a possible threat to the ozone layer. Released into the atmosphere, the chlorine-containing chemicals rise and are broken down by sunlight, where-upon the chlorine reacts with and destroy ozone molecules.
These harmful gases have now caused a hole in the layer allowing the ultraviolet light to penetrate the atmosphere. We are helpless to prevent the process, and now we must hope that over time, the ozone layer will be regenerated durably through the restriction of all toxic emissions into the atmosphere.
These countries currently going through an Industrial Revolution of their own are not restrictive of the amount of harmful gases released into the atmosphere. Unless a complete global responsibility can be taken to ensure that no CIFS or Carbon Dioxide is released, then we will continue to suffer from these problems. But who is responsible for these main atmospheric problems? Industry can be claimed to be responsible because they use CIFS, Carbon Dioxide and other toxic gases in their industrial processes.
These industries fail to prevent the release of these harmful gases into the atmosphere. The companies should find a different process of manufacturing so that either none or a nominal amount of greenhouse gases are re-leased into the atmosphere to cause the depletion of the ozone layer. Surely they should be the people to take responsibility and clear up, as it is there mess.
In areas such as cars, people tend to buy diesel cars still without considering the environmental damage they will cause whilst driving to work everyday. Customers are not aware of the environment issues when buying products such as cars, aerosols and other products. Many people argue that if the customer is targeted to buy more environmentally friendly products then industry will produce these products for the people. Financial responsibility is a burden that no one is willing to bare. The final major atmospheric problem in our global concern is Acid Rain.
Scientists have discovered that air pollution from the burning of fossil fuels is the major cause of acid rain. Acidic deposition, or acid rain as it is commonly known, occurs when emissions of Sculpture Dioxide SIS and Oxides of Nitrogen KNOX react in the atmosphere with water, oxygen, and oxidants to form various acidic compounds.
This mixture forms a mild solution of sulfuric acid and nitric acid. Sunlight increases the rate of most of these reactions. These compounds then fall to the earth in either wet form such as rain, snow, and fog or dry form such as gas and particles. About half of the acidity in the atmosphere alls back to earth through dry deposition as gases and dry particles.
The wind blows these acidic particles and gases onto buildings, cars, homes, and trees. In some in-stances, these gases and particles can eat away the things on which they settle. Dry De-posited gases and particles are sometimes washed from trees and other surfaces by rainstorms. When that happens, the runoff water adds those acids to the acid rain, making the combination more acidic than the falling rain alone. The combination of acid rain plus dry deposited acid is called acid deposition.
Prevailing winds transport the compounds, moieties hundreds of miles, across state and national borders. Acid rain causes acidification of lakes and streams and contributes to damage of trees at high elevations for example, red spruce trees above mom in height. Prior to falling to the earth, SIS and KNOX gases and their particulate matter derivatives, sulfates and nitrates, contribute to visibility degradation and impact public health.
Acid rain is a process that is to restricted by national boundaries. For example, British industry causes acid rain through emissions form their factories, and when these gases mix with the water vapor they form Sulfur Dioxide or Nitrous Oxide, which is deposited over Scandinavia. Britain should also pay for the prevention Of the release of gases through con-versions of factories and cars that produce the emissions.
But surely the countries of Scandinavia are causing acid rain, which is deposited on other countries. Many people believe that it would be far easier and more sensible for each country to pay for their own damage and the prevention of the production of emissions in the future. Therefore, this will prevent the release of the gases and reduce the cost of conservation and redevelopment of damaged areas. Sharing the cost of the damage is the only way each country will take some responsibility.
Throughout the world, in both More Economically Developed Countries and Less Economically Developed Countries, there are companies hat have exploited the environment and the people that occupy the area. An example of this situation is the Trans-national Corporation of Shell. Shell is the largest oil company in the world, however, the use their position and money to influence governments so that they can cut corners on safety.
Nigeria is one of the biggest oil fields in the world and Shell has a huge base in the country. One of the safety isolations that exist in Britain is that all Oil pipes from pumps the refinery must run underground.
Although, this makes them difficult to repair, it makes it safer for the residents. In Nigeria, the oil companies are allowed to run pipes above ground and these take the quickest route that means that they frequently run through towns and villages. In some cases, the authorities have allowed the demolition of some houses to make way for the pipes to run.
These pipes are polluting the area and have caused the depletion of crops grown in the area. Soil pollution has meant that the land has become infertile and unable to bear crops or animals. This example shows that some pollution is not always a global responsibility but the obligation of the company that caused the pollution.
The government that presides over the Trans-national Corporation should then enforce this obligation. We as a people must be protected by the government and not affected by the decisions the government makes. Pollution to this Less Economically Developed Country is being caused by a More Economically Developed Country corporation so who should take responsibility.
Many people see this as a straightforward argument that Shell should take responsibility for the damage created. International laws should enforce the behavior of a Transnational Corporation in a Less Economically Developed Country to prevent any conflict between the corporation and the inhabitants of the area occupied.
In examples where the corporation operating in the country is manipulating the government, then international organizations should take responsibility to enforce that the company acts properly in their operations and pays compensation to any local areas damaged or destroyed by the operational processes of the company. Thus, by having international standards, companies and countries are able to work towards a minimum level to which pollution must be reduced.
These laws are drawn up, discussed and established in international law at United Nations summits by representatives from every member of the LLC, which is ritually all states throughout world, and even those countries who are not full members are able to send a representative.
During this time of talks, it was planned that an agreement would be drawn up to decide international limits of emissions of the toxic gases mentioned throughout this report. This highly publicized conference came to an end after many developed count-tries became too stubborn to compromise over the levels of emissions to be allowed so as they do not affect the atmosphere and the processes operating within.
This is the latest of many summits that have occurred since the set-up of the organization to ensure that their inhabitants protect the world. Throughout the conferences, decisions are made to ensure that the world we live in is ecologically and environmentally maintained.
An example of a documentation Of how the environment is essential to our world is that of Agenda This agreement ensures the protection of the atmosphere and the processes that operate within it. There was another story of some space debris falling that burnt up to just a tiny bit that hit a woman in the shoulder if the debris had not burned up in the atmosphere she would have been killed, but luckily she just attained some burns.
These satellites all started going into orbit around the same time. The first satellite, the Sputnik 1, was sent into orbit on October 4, and the second one went up on November 3 the same year. The causes of this are explosions, dead satellites, and in one case a Russian satellites is dripping a coolant that quickly freezes and is up to cm in diameter.
This space debris is categorized into three areas under 1cm, the size that left that crater in the shuttle window, centimeters, and over 10 centimeters in diameters. I don't believe that a law was made. We do lose money by having pollution in space. This is because the pollutants hit satellites shuttles and space stations. If these were destroyed shortly after launch that would be a waste of money.
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